Overview of Immigration to The United States (1790-1820)
Throughout this time period there was a lot of immigration to the United States. In 1776 The United States declared independence from England. Since that time many people of all cultures and races have come to America in hopes of a better life. There were many patterns of immigration in this time period. Some of the major patterns were from these groups: Africans, Scott-Irish, English, French, Germans, and the Irish. The largest group that came were the Africans, 85,000. The next group was was the Scott-Irish, 50,000, the third largest group were the English, 45,000, next the French with 40,000, after that the German who had 25,000 and the last group was the Irish who had around 25,000 immigrate. When these groups traveled to The United States, the most common places where people would settle down and make their new homes at were in major port cities. The most popular of these places were cities like New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Charleston.(Ellis Island)

Dakoda Robrahn

Cause of Migration
In the 1790 people did not migrate as much. In Many Europeans migrated to the colonies because it as a new place and its peaceful. Many moved because they didn't have many choices in there country. Also Africans came by force because they where traded and didn't have money. Many people migrated to the east coast because thats where the main cities. Also when countries heard that the U.S was independent they wanted o migrate so they can have freedom. The economy has developed because many people have migrated and worked for the cities. In 1808 the U.S officially banned slavery, because of the naturalization act. The Naturalization act let immigrants become citizens of the U.S. Also if a person was born i the U.S he/she would be a citizen. So it let other people come to a state that is developing and accepted any culture (ellis island).

One majore group that migrated for changes was the irish. The irish moved by forced because of religious conflict. Also the lack of political self governed and economic conditions. The Irish migrated because the U.S was protected by freedom of religion and the right to own land. The Irish had education so they knew they could fit in the U.S. So the Irish brought. The French moved to the U.S because the French revolution was happening and wanted to escape there trouble.

In 1790 their was different cultures that migrated like,
85,000 Africans who where free and had their Independence.
50,000 Scottish-Irish came by force because they where rebellious of the religion. Some came because they couldn't make money or fit in the system in Europe.
45,000 English people moved to the U.S because Britain owned it and came to work in the colonies.
25,000 french came to the U.S because Germans population as increasing so they where forced to move. Also brought inventions to the U.S like steam boats and steam train.

Juan Guzman

Experiences and Effects
Many migrators that came to the U.S. went through a lot challenging processes before they could be considered citizens. In 1790, to become an American, or for naturalization, you had to live two years in America which later on was changed to five years. You had to have a good character, had to swear an oath to support the Constitution, and had to r enunciate all of your foreign allegiances. These requirements helped millions of immigrants become American citizens. Also, the United States decided that your place of birth determined your nationality, so native‐born children of foreign parents were automatically citizens. The 1790 law, strangely enough, also restricted naturalization to “free white persons” only, so only white people could be citizens. This was changed later on to include people of African decent. If they didn't reach these requirements, they were still considered immigrants. Immigrants would keep contact with their counties by writing to friends and family. Sometimes even takes trips back to visit. Immigrants brought their cultural practices with them to America but learned to tone them down to fit in with American society and stay inconspicuous. They still however kept some traditions such as preparing cultural food. As I have said, to become American, the colonial immigrants had to renunciate all their forgein allegiances and adopt the Constitution to assimilate to American culture.

In 1790 the center was about 25 miles east of Baltimore. After that it moved westward,at a rate about 50 miles every ten years.New Englanders were the first settlers. They use canal traveling,people walking on railroads, steamboats, and horses.In the United States people were migrating really fast.In 1803 they begun the steam locomotive for long distance travel.That help people travel faster.Also public transportation begun in several cities. In 1820 agitation for railroads begun.Also the slave trade was still coming, and slaves were coming from Africa in ships.The population of people in the United States begun increasing in several years. They had all kinds of people from different countries coming in.

The first law of the United States was the Naturalization law of March 26, 1790. This law provided the first rules of immigration. This law left out indentured servants, slaves, Asian Americans, and free African Americans. Immigrants that came to the U.S had to go through a process in order to be a citizen. It required people living in the United States for several years in order to apply to become a citizen. After doing that, you will have to go to court, and the judge will look at your record. Your record has to be clean, with good morals. Then you will become a national citizen.

Alien and Sedition act of 1798. It’s a law that the president could expelled a citizen person in the United States that looked dangerous. Fighters who fought in the American independence, were viewed as dangerous people and were threatened to get expelled from the U.S. Within 2 years this law started disappearing, and after the law didn’t exist anymore. There were no changes for immigration laws in the next 50 years.

Ami Dabokemp and Patricia Barajas

Sources Cited:

  • "Peopling of America." Ellis Island. The Statue of Liberty- Elllis Island Foundation, Inc. 12 Nov. 2008 http://http//