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Ellis Island

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Dust Bowl

A History of U.S. Immigration during the 1930-1965

-edited by Will G.


Overview

written by Nic W
Emigration is a movement of people permanently leaving a nation. Throughout the 20th century millions of people immigrated to the United States. Many groups of people immigrated for various reasons, these groups consist of Asian's, Cubans, white southerners, and specific groups of Europeans. Many of these immigrants were war brides and refugees, forced to leave there homeland do to the rough conditions. Between 1930 and 1965 four million immigrants arrived to the U.S. looking to live the American dream.


Dust Bowl

written by Will G.
In 1931 one of the worst droughts in U.S. history hit the midwestern and southern plains of America. This caused agricultural work in America to come to complete stop. The soil was to fertile and began to turn into to dust. Record numbers of dust storms began to pop up around the U.S. in 1932-1934, destroying 75 percent of the countries farm land. Over 500,000 Americans were now homeless and 100,000,000 acres of land had been damaged.
In June 1933, farmers began to migrate west to find new work. Many government acts were issued to relieve lost jobs, but the damage done was too disastrous to cure. Finally in rain starts to fall again in 1939.



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Fidel Castro


Immigration from Cuba

written by Will G.
In 1959, when Fidel Castro became president of Cuba and the Cuban Revolution began, a large portion of Cuban's population migrated to America. Fidel began to run Cuba on socialist ideals, which meant all of Cuba's wealth would be distributed equally throughout the country. Many upper-middle class Cuban's disagreed with these ideals, and fled to America in search of a capitalist government.By the end of 1959 more than 120,400 Cuban's had migrated to America. Due to it's close promixty to Cuba south Florida became a popular destination for fleeing immigrants. Rather than being looked down upon, most Cuban's were treated well in America. Since most American's also disagreed with the communist control in Cuba, many immigrants were treated normally. In 1966 U.S Congress created the Cuban Adjustment Acts to assist new refugees medically and economically.

Immigration from Asia


written by Nic W.
Chinese immigrants in this period of time were mostly merchants or diplomats coming to find job opportunities. (Other than that, Studentswere the other only ones that can travel to America). Once they have arrived, they faced harsh discrimination. They wereconsidered the inferior race. The Chinese were only allowed to live in areas (China-town) that had their own “kind”.
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Angel Island

The Chinese usually worked as cooks or storekeepers. The multitude of Chinese people immigrating to America caused Chinese Exclusion Act of May 6, 1882, which limited the number of Chinese coming to the United States at that time. The Geary Act extended this act even further. In 1910 Angell Island started taking in chinese immigrants in again. Another big act that separated chinese people was the Immigration Act of 1924, which said Chinese immigrants were not allowed to start teaching.Theses acts extended for about 10 more years until they were less restricting.


Immigration from European Countries

written by Nancy Ta
Nazism, Communism, and Fascism, encouraged many European immigrants to migrate to another new country because many people rejected how the new government was taken over to much power of the people. Nazism caused many Jews to feared for their lives because the Germans limited many Jews rights and caused them to wanting to leaved Germany or Poland. Communism took over Austria-Hungarian after WWII, because of this many were forced to leaved their homes and become refugees. Before Communism power started to rise, Fascism, took control over the government of Austria-Hungarian and forced many people to leaved their homes. Many countries that were involved with new governments were Poland, Austria-Hungary, and Germany.

The Austria-Hungarians

When fascism took over their government, many Austrian-Hungarians decided to migrate to the United States. However, after fascism, communism appeared, and it drove about 40,000 people out of Austria-Hungary and into other areas around the world. For example, one of the countries was United States because of the “Displaced Persons Acts of 1948” which allowed refugees to come into the United States. Besides the “Displaced Person Acts of 1948”, the government developed a new act called “ Refugee Relief Act” which was ratified in 1953 because the act is based on targeting immigrants who are living under the communism rule in the Eastern Europe. After this act was ratified, about 200,000 refugees came over to the United States. The people that arrived in the U.S. were mostly Austrian-Hungarian women because many of them had their husbands over in the U.S. already, so they were reuniting with their husband. With the soviet taking control of the Austria-Hungarian government during the late 40s, many people wanted to seek better job opportunities in the U.S. After the Austria-Hungarian came over to the United States, majority of them decided to settle in Chicago during the1940’s and 1950’s. Many of those new immigrants tries to preserves their old cultures and definitely their native language by practicing in their homes with the next generation.

The Polish

During the time of WWII, many Poland were force to moved out of their country and become refugees because of the rise of Nazism. In addition, many people left Poland because during Holocaust, many Polish Jews were killed so, many were trying to coming over to the U.S. In the beginning of the post war period, many resided along the Western border of Europe, but then later on, the Polish people decided that United States had better opportunities than anywhere else did. This allowed them to be part of the Displaced Persons Acts of 1948 because they have no place to live, so then the U.S. allowed them to come over to the country. This allowed them to be part of the Displaced Persons Acts of 1948 because they have no place to live, so then the U.S. allowed them to come over to the country. When the Polish disembarked onto American soil, many of them first arrived in Ellis Island, and then afterwards, Polish moved to Chicago. The Polish did not manage to get very high paying jobs even in a new environment where most of the new immigrants were educated before they were in America. Nevertheless, they still managed to save a lot of money for future generations. Many Polish were much assimilated to the American culture and eventually pushed away the old culture. Many young ones stop going to there church and retain themselves from believing in anything. And also, many just forgot their own culture and developed into the American culture.

The Germans

Many Germans migrated to the United States during the rise of Nazism because many were half-German and half-Jewish. If the Jews continued to stay in Germany, they would have had a greater chance of being targeted by the Nazis. Also, many German Jews opposed of Nazism because of the hatred they have towards the Jews. As a result, about 114,000 Germans came over to the United States before the war started. After WWII ended, many Germans were exiled from other nation. In other words, the Germans just came into United States as refugees instead of being just immigrants. When the Germans arrived in the late 40s many created their own cultural center in there neighborhoods. Those cultural center, helps German preserved their old culture and tradition.



Works Cited