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War of 1812 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812


Herko A-E Group 1:1790-1820




Overview



During the period of 1790-1820 wars and other world events in the European countries forced people to find shelter in the new American colonies. The major groups involved in migration were the Africans, Europeans, French, and Spanish. Also the Native Americans were a major group but they already lived in the new world. Every year since 1790, America accepted 8,000 immigrants to the new colonies, and the population was about 3.9 million people, 85% white people (including German and French and Germans) and doubled every 25 years. The Native Americans population decreased several of reasons, for instance, diseases and wars. Some Native American tried to resist the Europeans from taking their land but most of the rebellions failed. The African were forced to come to the new world because of the slave trade. The Africans population increased during the slave trade and took up 16% of the entire population, but later stopped because in 1808 they banned the slave trade. There were a lot of treaties and acts that took place during this time for example, the 1795 treaty with Spain, the the Alien and Sedition Act in 1798, Louisiana purchase in1803. There were many more, but these were some of the important events that affected the migration into and throughout the U.S


Causes of Colonial Migration


During the period of 1790-1820 there weren't that many people who were migrating at the time. The major groups that migrated were the Africans, Europeans, French and the Spanish . The groups were attracted to America because of its The French who strictly opposed the French Revolution made their way to America because of its reasonable ways of life. The Spanish had decided to move to America because they had heard of the surprising amount of job opportunities America had to offer. The Africans however were forced to America because of the Atlantic slave trade, the English made a voyage to Africa and enslaved them to trade slaves to America.
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slave trade
http://images.businessweek.com/ss/07/02/0226_immigration/source/2.htm
Written by Derrick Ahuruonye/Carlos(Finally)



Experiences and Effects of Migration during the Colonial Period== ===

Many groups of people started to come to the U.S. because of all the change that were going on in the U.S. The U.S passed the bill of rights, which gave many rights and freedom. They also had many opportunities to get jobs, they had religious freedoms. There were more people who came to the U.S like Africans, Europeans, French, Spanish, and Indians who were already there but they were forced to move out of their land. Africans stopped immigrating after the ban of slave trade of 1808.
Many of the people came on boats but the Indians were already there. Since many people decided to come they started to pass laws that would limit them and allowed certain people come. The laws that were passed were Naturalization act of 1790, which meant that any immigrant that comes to the U.S. is a citizen but it only applied to whites. When their pole got her they all had religious freedom and they all had an education. Some even went to college. Some people were homed schooled and then went to college or went to Europe. They had many jobs like farming, fishing, working in factories, and some women got to work. Another law that was passed was that only people who were born in the country could be vice president or president.


English

: The English lived in the north. They were 49% of the population. In the beginning of the immigration, Britain limited the amount of people coming into the country. They brought over their culture like their art and food. Artisans and mechanics came to America, which would help change American culture.


Indians

: The census of Indians was not taken. When all the people stared to migrate over to the U.S, they people in the colonies started to take over more and more of Indian Territory with out their say on it. In the north there was a war going called Little turtle war going from 1785 to 1795. It was a fight over territory for war and the U.S won in 1794. Due to the war of 1812 between U.S. and Britain 10000 Englishmen had to enlist. They were put into imprisonment because of the war. Also another treaty that goes against the Indians was the treaty of fort Jackson which forced Indians out of Alabama.


French

: 1.8% of the population. The french revolutions caused many people to immigrate to the U.S. because Napoleon was causing France to go in to poverty. They were also in a war with the Haitians which cause many French-Haitians to flee and go to the U.S. It cause more than 20,000 people to migrate out of the U.S.


Dutch

: They lived mostly in the New York and other states close by. 2.5% of the population. They were hard to distinguished between German because they had the same language. Many of our presidents were Dutch. They influenced America a lot.


African Americans

: They lived mostly in the south. They were 16% of the pop. They came to this land not by choice. In 1808 slave trade was banned but slavery wasn’t. Also there illegal slave trade. They work as slaves and had to work in the fields.


Germans

: 6.9% of the population. They came over as indentured servants. Their families were servants.


Scot-Irish

: 14.1% of the population. Many of the Scot-Irish were Catholic. Many of them became farmers, artisans, craftsmen, or worked in small business.


All these people were clustered in to certain places. They were called enclaves or neighborhoods.
The Louisiana-Purchase as that the U.S. got a lot of new land by buying it from France, costing over 11 million dollar. This would cause a more mixed country and it will cause many more people to start moving around.
written by Richard Tam




Works Cited


  • "Colonial history of the United States." Wikipedia. 3 Nov. 2008 <http://www.wikipedia.org>.
  • Marsh, Ben. "Colonial Immigration." The New Georgia Encyclopedia. 2008. 4 Nov. 2008 <http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org>.
  • Daniels, Roger. American Immigration: A Student Companion. Ed. Chafe H. William. New York, NY: Oxford UP, Incorporated, 2001.
  • Danzer, Gerald A., J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, and Nancy Woloch, The Americans. Evanston, Boston: Mc Dougal Litlel. 68-100.
  • "Louisiana-Purchase." Wikipedia. 13 Nov. 2008 <http://www.wikipedia.org>.
  • "Naturalization act of 1790." Wikipedia. 26 May 2008. 4 Nov. 2008 <http://www.wikipedia.org>.
  • Stein, Leonard D. "Immigration." Immigration. 01993-2008. Microsoft Corporation. 28 Oct. 2008
<http://www.encarta.msn.com>.